Multi Tiered Systems of Support

Continuum of Services


D102's Multi Tiered Systems of Support (MTSS) is a framework that guides schools and teachers to provide appropriate instruction and interventions to ensure all students receive the education and supports they need to be successful in school. MTSS is a continuous process that is applicable to all students, ranging from Tier 1 interventions for the general student population through Tier 3 for individual students. MTSS incorporates performance data and progress monitoring to inform evidence-based decisions about the intensity and duration of interventions.

MTSS includes several essential components including:

High-Quality Instruction: All students receive standards-based, culturally and linguistically-relevant instruction in their general education classroom by highly qualified teachers through differentiated instruction.

Positive Behavioral Support: The district and school staff collaboratively select and implement schoolwide, classroom, and research-based positive behavioral supports for achieving important social, emotional, and academic outcomes. The teacher is responsible for organizing a well managed classroom with a strong focus on integrating prevention and intervention strategies for effective instruction and consistent student support.

Integrated Data System: District and school staff collaborate to create an integrated data collection system that includes assessments to determine the learning needs of each student, as well as data collection methods for monitoring the effectiveness of instruction and continuous systemic improvement.

Team Structure: District and school staff establish various teams. The purpose of these teams is to develop a plan for the instructional program in the general education classroom to support individual student needs, while simultaneously providing a positive effect on the instructional program for all students.

MTSS Parent Guide Video (Narrated)

(Coming Soon)

MTSS Parent Guide Presentation

D102 MTSS Process Flowchart

MTSS Flowchart

D102 Intervention Parent Letter (sample)

Intervention Parent Letter

FAQs - Under Construction

What does MTSS stand for?

Answer: MTSS is an acronym for Multi-Tiered Systems of Support.

What is a Multi-Tiered System of Support?

Answer: D102's Multi Tiered Systems of Support (MTSS) is a framework that guides schools and teachers to provide appropriate instruction and interventions to ensure all students receive the education and supports they need to be successful in school.

How is MTSS different than RtI?

Answer: Response to Intervention (RtI) and MTSS are often used interchangeably. MTSS is a comprehensive system that includes consideration of the whole child—academically, socially, and behaviorally. In addition, MTSS includes broader elements of support such as curricular programming, parent/community engagement, professional development and school culture. Response to Intervention (RtI) is a process used inside of an MTSS system to facilitate the consideration of students for support, intervention and enrichment.

How do students “qualify” for Tier 2 and Tier 3 supports and services?

Answer: Students are considered for intervention or enrichment support at the building/school level by a team of educators and administrators and are informed by multiple sources of evidence/data. Typically a team will look at the student population as a whole (grade level, etc.) and determine which students demonstrate a need for enrichment or intervention at that time. The team then recommends the student for enrichment or intervention and the parent is informed.

How long should a student receive Tier 2 or Tier 3 supports?

Answer: A student should receive intervention as long as there is a demonstrated need and the evidence supports that the intervention is effective. Some students may only require intervention for a short period of time and return to Tier 1 supports after a few sessions or weeks. Other students may have more complex needs that require Tier 2 or even Tier 3 interventions for a longer period time. There are no set time limits for receiving interventions. Instead, the building team monitors whether the student is responding effectively to the intervention and making adequate progress towards achieving the intended outcome of the intervention or enrichment plan.

Is MTSS a process where students progress sequentially from tier to tier?

Answer Movement amongst tiers is fluid and based on level of need. A student with complex needs does not have to progress through teach level of tiers to get intensive, individualized support. The level of intervention should match the level of need. While a district is required to have a student attempt intervention prior to becoming eligible for Special Education, participation in MTSS cannot prevent a student or parent from requesting consideration for Special Education.

Can students receive different levels of support in different areas at the same time?

Answer: Students can receive intervention at one level while also receiving intervention or instruction at another level in a different area. For example, a student may receive Tier 2 intervention for reading, Tier 1 instruction for math, and Tier 3 behavior support.